Hemorrhagic Stroke

Also called: Intracerebral Hemorrhage, Subarachnoid Hemorrhage


A stroke is a medical emergency. There are two types – ischemicand hemorrhagic. Hemorrhagic stroke is the less common type. It happens when a blood vessel breaks and bleeds into the brain. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die. Causes include a bleeding aneurysm, an arteriovenous malformation (AVM), or an artery wall that breaks open.

Symptoms of stroke are:

• Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg (especially on one side of the body)

• Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding speech

• Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes

• Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination

• Sudden severe headache with no known cause

It is important to treat strokes as quickly as possible. With a hemorrhagic stroke, the first steps are to find the cause of bleeding in the brain and then control it. Surgery may be needed. Post-stroke rehabilitation can help people overcome disabilities caused by stroke damage.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Learn More

Hemorrhagic Stroke (Bleeds) (American Stroke Association) Also in Spanish

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish


COL4A1-related brain small-vessel disease: MedlinePlus Genetics  (National Library of Medicine)

Familial porencephaly: MedlinePlus Genetics  (National Library of Medicine)

Clinical Trials

ClinicalTrials.gov: Hemorrhagic Stroke  (National Institutes of Health)

ClinicalTrials.gov: Intracranial Hemorrhages  (National Institutes of Health)

ClinicalTrials.gov: Subarachnoid Hemorrhage  (National Institutes of Health)

Journal Articles

References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Article: Imaging spectrum of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation related neurologic events in children.

Article: Fish Consumption and Risk of Stroke in Chinese Adults: A Prospective…

Article: Temporal Heterogeneity of Short-Term Effects of Particulate Matter on Stroke Outpatients…

Hemorrhagic Stroke — see more articles

Patient Handouts

Preventing stroke (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish

Stroke – discharge (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish

The information on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Contact a health care provider if you have questions about your health.

Original Article – https://medlineplus.gov/hemorrhagicstroke.html


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